Tagged with "reform"
The History of Healthcare Reform in the United States Tags: healthcare history reform united states law

Healthcare is a hot topic, especially now that Trump has been elected president and he’s stated that he wants to make some big changes to the way people get their health insurance. But in order to understand current health law and policy, you need to look at what happened in the past. Below is a short summary of the history of healthcare reform in the United States.

If you think that you would like to make a change to healthcare and people’s ability to access it, continue reading to learn more, and consider getting your masters in health law to start work in the field.

President Truman

President Truman was the first president to attempt to reform healthcare during the post-war era of the US. President Roosevelt, who was Truman’s predecessor, didn’t really address accessibility to healthcare, so Truman proposed a new idea that would provide universal health coverage. It would have been administered by, and also paid for by, the National Health Insurance Board. Opponents to this idea included the American Medical Association, which didn’t want socialized medicine to be in place. The bill didn’t make it through Congress, but Truman tried again in 1948. However, the Korean War prevented him from passing any changes.

President Kennedy

President Kennedy’s administration was in support of the King-Anderson bill, which stated that health insurance would be provided only to individuals who were 65 years of age and older, and it would come as part of the benefits package received through Social Security. This ultimately set the foundation for what would become Medicare, but the bill itself was opposed by the American Medical Association and was eventually defeated.  

President Johnson

President Johnson wanted extensive reforms as part of his Great Society plan. Even though he was opposed by the American Medical Association, he was able to get legislation passed that would establish both Medicare and Medicaid.

President Carter

President Jimmy Carter was serious about getting universal health coverage implemented so that everyone in the country would benefit. However, because of various economic problems, including a recession, his ideas never got much attention, and there wasn’t much support for them either.

President Reagan

President Reagan wanted to curb excessive borrowing and spending by the government, so there weren’t going to be any government administered healthcare programs. Instead, new laws were implemented that were focused upon reducing spending on healthcare while boosting efficiency. He changed Medicare reimbursement methods and implemented anti-fraud protocols. He also ended up expanding Medicare benefits through the Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988.

President George H.W. Bush to the Present

Under President Bush, the Medicare Catastrophic Coverage Act of 1988 was repealed because of widespread disappointment in it. He wanted to instead reduce federal spending related to healthcare, as well as reduce abuse and fraud within Medicaid and Medicare.  

President Clinton and President George W. Bush were unable to make any big changes to healthcare law, but during President Obama’s term, the Affordable Care Act, which brought many changes into effect, was passed.

Today, with Donald Trump getting ready to take office as the next president, everyone is wondering what new changes will come for those who need healthcare in America.

 
Group Fears Bill to Regulate Michigan Marijuana Industry Will Hurt Small Dispensaries, Caregivers Tags: hb 5681 michigan medical marihuana act michigan medical marijuana reforms npra

 

A proposal calling for strict oversight of Michigan’s medical marijuana industry would block out smaller players and ensure that only big pharmaceutical entities handle cannabis distribution in the state.
 
That’s how the National Patients Rights Association (NPRA) views House Bill 5681, which would set up a regulatory and permitting system for dispensaries and caregivers.
 
The NPRA came out against the bill this week, saying it was “introduced under the guise of helping ensure the quality and purity of medical marijuana” but that in reality it “would essentially lead to the equivalent of a big box retailer opening next door to a small family-owned business.” In other words, the bill would make it nearly impossible for smaller businesses and caregivers to meet costly requirements for obtaining a license to distribute medical marijuana.
 
The fear is that large-scale drug companies with plenty of capital and an established infrastructure would enter the market and dominate the distribution scene in the state. The bill calls for classifying medical marijuana as a pharmaceutical-grade medicine, meaning individuals and companies selling it to patients would have to meet numerous requirements tied to dosage, purity and safety.
 
“HB 5681 is simply an attempt by corporate enterprise to completely undermine the spirit of Michigan’s Medical Marihuana Act by changing various structures of the law in a manner that could harm patients and caregivers,” NPRA spokesman Adam Macdonald said in a release. “We have already watched a very similar strategy play out in the dietary supplement industry in which the pharmaceutical businesses have continued trying to put manufacturers out of business, drastically raise costs, and limit access by lobbying for regulation that requires them to have the same quality control as medical drugs.”
 
The group argues that another bill – HB5580 – recently introduced in the state would ensure patients receive safe, reliable medicine but would make it easier for smaller players to cultivate and distribute cannabis.
 
NPRA’s opposition to the bill underscores the difficult task state lawmakers have ahead of them as they try to overhaul Michigan’s MMJ laws and regulate dispensaries. While everyone agrees something must be done, there’s much disagreement on how to go about it.
 
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